Engakuji Temple: Buddhist Architectures (JINS-1407)

The Engaku-ji Temple is ranked in the 2nd among the Five Great Zen Temples in Kamakura. In fact, it boasts several magnificent Buddhist structures. Let me put below some information about SAN-MON and HYAKU-KANNON Garden. Other structures such as Buddha Hall, HOJO (abbot’s quarter), and SHARI-DEN (reliquary hall) shall be reviewed in another post by me.

by Jin Shibata

SAN-MON

“San-mon” is the main gate preceding the Buddha hall where Engaku-ji’s primary Buddha statue is placed. “Mon” refers to a gate, while “San” is for three and its meaning is “Three Gates of Liberation” which make you detached from three poisons in your mind (greed, hatred, foolishness) and enter ideal mental states of emptiness, formlessness (no substances), and desirelessness (no wants) .

Sacred Place of HYAKU-KANNON

HYAKU-KANNON refer to one hundred (Hyaku) of Kannon Bodhisattva. Buddhist pilgrimage to 100 temples where Kannon is enshrined should be achieved by visiting 33 temples in SAIGOKU (the west), 33 in BANDO (the east) and 34 in CHICHIBU (the north to Tokyo). The sacred place of HYAKU-KANNON at the Engakuji Temple was created with many stone KANNON statues for people who walk through the array of statues and receive the same benefit of achieving visits to the 100 Kannon temples.

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